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fake id scanner app DNA Evidence Can Be Fabricated Scientists in Israel have demonstrated that it is possible to fabricate DNA evidence, undermining the credibility of what has been considered the gold standard of proof in criminal cases. The scientists fabricated blood and saliva samples containing DNA from a person other than the donor of the blood and saliva. They also showed that if they had access to a DNA profile in a database, they could construct a sample of DNA to match that profile without obtaining any tissue from that person. "Any biology undergraduate could perform this." Dr. Frumkin is a founder of Nucleix, a company based in Tel Aviv that has developed a test to distinguish real DNA samples from fake ones that it hopes to sell to forensics laboratories. Continue reading the main story Using some of the same techniques, it may be possible to scavenge anyone's DNA from a discarded drinking cup or cigarette butt and turn it into a saliva sample that could be submitted to a genetic testing company that measures ancestry or the risk of getting various diseases. Celebrities might have to fear "genetic paparazzi," said Gail H. Javitt of the Genetics and Public Policy Center at Johns Hopkins University. Tania Simoncelli, science adviser to the American Civil Liberties Union, said the findings were worrisome. "DNA is a lot easier to plant at a crime scene than fingerprints," she said. To the remaining red cells they added DNA that had been amplified from a man's hair. Since red cells do not contain DNA, all of the genetic material in the blood sample was from the man. The other technique relied on DNA profiles, stored in law enforcement databases as a series of numbers and letters corresponding to variations at 13 spots in a person's genome. From a pooled sample of many people's DNA, the scientists cloned tiny DNA snippets representing the common variants at each spot, creating a library of such snippets. To prepare a DNA sample matching any profile, they just mixed the proper snippets together. They said that a library of 425 different DNA snippets would be enough to cover every conceivable profile. best fake ids Under Discount fake student id card Does NFL Commish have too much power Like with Roethlisberger, there was a criminal aspect to the Woods situation. The entire controversy was kickstarted when Woods was found lying unconscious in the street following a latenight car crash. Orlandoarea police never pursued the matter beyond issuing a traffic citation. But if the PGA Tour had the same personal conduct policy as the NFL, just the suspicion of Woods being under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol when running his vehicle into a tree would make him subject to suspension and leaguemandated counseling. "It is not enough simply to avoid being found guilty of a crime," the NFL policy reads. "Instead, as an employee of the NFL or a member club, you are held to a higher standard and expected to conduct yourself in a way that is responsible, promotes the values upon which the league is based, and is lawful. Persons who fail to live up to this standard of conduct are guilty of conduct detrimental (to the NFL) and subject to discipline, even where the conduct itself does not result in conviction of a crime." There isn't much recourse to challenge this system, either. Amid a slew of player arrests, bad publicity and the fatal shooting of Denver Broncos cornerback Darrent Williams, late NFL Players Association executive director Gene Upshaw agreed to Goodell's autocratic personal conduct policy even though it wasn't collectively bargained. In the news release announcing the Roethlisberger suspension, Goodell did say he made his decision after consulting with "current players, former players, the NFL Players Association and others." The process, though, isn't transparent. Roethlisberger and legal counsel David Cornwell didn't even involve the union when conducting their closeddoor meeting with Goodell. But I do know this: Roethlisberger never spent a night in jail. He didn't create the fake ID that the alleged victim was using to get into nightclubs. A massive lawenforcement report shows there isn't a clearcut picture of what exactly happened that night in Milledgeville. Claims in the 2008 civil suit filed against Roethlisberger in Nevada are just as cloudy. Yet he was given a steeper NFL punishment than Minnesota tackle Bryant McKinnie, a repeat offfield nuisance who received a fourgame suspension in 2008 following his involvement in a nightclub brawl.